Anti-Retroviral Therapy

Cisgender or cis

Someone whose gender identity is the same as the sex they were assigned at birth. Non-trans is also used by some people.


A belief or assumption that being cisgender is universal, natural, and normal; that everyone’s gender matches (or ought to match) their sex assigned at birth.


Calling someone by their birth name after they have changed their name. This term is often associated with trans people who have changed their name as part of their Transition.


Focus Group Discussion

Gender expression 

How a person chooses to outwardly express their gender, within the context of societal expectations of gender. A person who does not conform to societal expectations of gender may not, however, identify as trans.

Gender identity 

A person’s innate sense of their own gender, whether male, female, or something else (see non-binary below), which may or may not correspond to the sex assigned at birth.


A belief that heterosexuality is universal, natural, and normal; a lens through which people pass judgement on appropriate behaviour for ‘men’ and ‘women.’


In-Depth Interview


A term used to describe a person who may have the biological attributes of both sexes or whose biological attributes do not fit with societal assumptions about what constitutes male or female.


Lesbians, Bi women, and Trans people or communities.


Lesbian, Gay, Bi, and Trans people or communities.


Lesbian, Gay, Bi, Trans, and Intersex people or communities.


Lesbian, Gay, Bi, Trans, Intersex, and Queer people or communities

Non-binary / NB 

An umbrella term for people whose gender identity doesn’t sit comfortably with ‘man’ or ‘woman’. Non-binary identities are varied and can include people who identify with some aspects of binary identities, while others reject them entirely.


Sustainable Development Goals

Sexual orientation 

A person’s sexual attraction to other people, or lack thereof.


Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Expression


Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights


Same Sex Marriage Prohibition Act (2013) of Nigeria